Zhou Dynasty and the Foundation of Confucianism
The Zhou dynasty (1050-256 BC) was ruling for almost a millennium, making it the longest dynasty in the history of China. During its rule, the Chinese territory vastly increased, mainly to the South. Often compared to the European feudal system, the hierarchical order that the dynasty introduced was distinctive. It was based on ancestral cults. However, this attempt to preserve order within the state failed, and the numerous wars broke out. This is known as the Warring States period. It was during this tumultuous years that Confucius was born. He was the founder of Confucianism, the philosophy that emphasized morality, justice, and social correctness.