Sparta and Athens had a lot in common when it comes to the civic organisation, the structure of government, and judgement and views of women. Yet, a field of militaristic organisation can be said to be unique for both sides. Here is the list of some major differences between the Athenian and Spartan army.
Sparta’s Primary Focus Was On Its Land-Based Army
The most characteristic and authentic aspect of the Spartan society is its military. That being said, the entire city-state of Sparta focused on strengthening its army forces, thus becoming recognised for its land-based army composed of well-trained and armoured citizen-soldiers known as hoplites. Since the age of 7, the Spartan hoplite was subjected to rigorous training with the aim of becoming the finest warrior of the ancient world. Every single hoplite had to go through education system known as the “agoge”, involving training in the wilderness or in barracks. Preparing the warriors in the rigid conditions brought Sparta success in many wars.