An out-of-place artifact is an object which exists in a place in which it is highly unlikely to exist. These artifacts are highly controversial because many look for evidence that may negate the theory of evolution and support religious theories about the creation of the world, ancient astronauts or vanished civilizations that possessed advanced technology and knowledge than our own. Here is a list of 11 out-of-place artifacts explained.
1. Baigong Pipes Are Associated With A Pyramid Built on Mount Baigong
The Baigong Pipes are pipe-like objects that were found near Mount Baigong about 40 km southeast of the city of Delingha in China. The Baigong Pipes are linked to a “pyramid” about 50 to 60 meters built on Mount Baigong. The front side of the pyramid is said to have three caves, where the mouths of two caves have collapsed. Only the largest cave can be entered. It is in the cave that two Baigong Pipes have been found. One of these was described as a reddish-brown “half-pipe” being 40 cm in diameter.
2. Tecaxic Calixtlahuaca Head Is Believed To Be Of Roman Origin
This Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head is an object made of terracotta and probably part of a larger figurine. It was discovered among grave goods dating to the pre-Columbian time in 1933 in the Toluca Valley, 65 kilometers west of Mexico City. Scientists believe it is of Roman origin due to non-American facial features.
The head is thought to be evidence of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. According to a study conducted by G.A. Wagner and P. Schaaf and in Heidelberg, Germany, the head is confirmed to be a pre-colonial artifact dating back to the period between the 9th century BC and the 13th century AD. Yet another study conducted at the German Institute of Archaeology in Rome, Italy declares that the artifact really dates back to the 2nd century AD and is of Roman origin based on the beard and the hairstyle.
3. Starchild Skull Is A Child’s Skull
The Starchild skull is an extraordinary human-like skull found in Mexico. It is still not sure where it came from. In February 1999, the Starchild skull came into possession of Lloyd Pye, a lecturer, and writer in the field of alternative knowledge. Based on the Pye’s claims, the skull was found in a mine tunnel 200 kilometers southwest of Chihuahua, Mexico.
The skull is extraordinary in several aspects. It was determined it was a child’s skull due to unerupted teeth. Also, the volume of the skull’s interior is 1600 cubic centimeters, which is 200 cubic centimeters larger than the average adult’s brain. The orbits of the skull are shallow and oval, and there are no frontal sinuses. Though it consists of normal material, there is, however, an overload of collagen in it. The University of California found that the skull was approximately 900 years old.
4. Aluminum Wedge Of Aiud Is Believed To Be The Proof Of Aliens Visiting The Earth
The Aluminum Wedge of Aiud is an artifact that has the shape of a wedge and was found 2 kilometers east of Aiud, Romania in 1974. According to Boczor Iosif, a paranormal magazine writer, it was found in 1973 under sand and along 2 mastodon bones. Some claim this artifact is evidence for aliens visiting the Earth for three reasons. First, it resembled the foot of landing gear, only smaller. Second, it is assumed that the artifact is at least 11,000 years old, based on the evidence found in the same layer as mastodon bones. The third reason is that the artifact was believed to be part of an alien ship because aluminum was not even discovered until 1808. Most scientists also claim that the wedge was made on Earth, but its purpose is not yet discovered. The lack of data on this artifact is explained by the restrictions on archeology by the communist rule at the time. Therefore, the wedge remains a mystery.
5. Coso Artifact Was Found In Rock
The Coso Artifact is an artifact reminding of a spark plug that was found on February 1961 by three men while they were searching for geodes near Olancha, California. Mikesell, one of these three men, found the artifact by cutting through the rock that contained the item. According to Virginia Maxey, one of the people who discovered it, the artifact was either 100 or 500,000 years old. However, Maxey failed to give any verifiable evidence used in calculating the date. As for the origin of the artifact, there has been much speculation. Some pseudoscientific suggestions it belonged to an ancient advanced civilization such as Atlantis, whereas other claims are linked to human time travelers from the future.
6. Kensington Runestone Is Believed To Be A Validation Of A Fourteenth Century Scandinavian Expedition To America
The Kensington runestone is a rectangular slab covered in runes on its face and side. There have been many disputes about its origin and meaning ever since it was found in 1898 near the town of Kensington, Minnesota. The artifact is believed to be the evidence of Scandinavian explorers setting foot on North America in the 14th century. Its origin is the subject of debate, where some opinions include its Medieval origin, whereas some other runologists claim the runestone is a hoax. According to the research conducted by Alice Beck Kehoe in 2005, there may be a possibility that the runestone can validate the pre-Columbian European visit to North America.
7. Saqqara Bird Shows That Egyptians Had Knowledge Of Aviation To Some Extent
The Saqqara Bird is a bird-like object made of sycamore wood, which was found during the excavation of a tomb in Saqqara, Egypt in 1981. The artifact dates back to 200 BC, has a wingspan of 7.2 inches and weighs 39 kilograms. The artifact has one eye, a beak, no holes for feathers, and was painted in that way to resemble a falcon. The “Bird” raises many speculations, and one of the most intriguing ones is that it may show an understanding of the principles of aviation long before first planes were made. Also, the Egyptians had knowledge of sail construction, but though the artifact closely resembles a model airplane, it has brought speculations of many scientists such as Khalil Messiha, who speculates that the Ancient Egyptians developed the first aircraft.
8. Antikythera Mechanism Is Described As An Ancient Mechanical Computer
The Antikythera Mechanism is an artifact that reminds of a calculator designed to determine astronomical positions. Discovered on the Greek island of Antikythera near Crete, it is thought to date back to about 150-100 BC. To support its magnificence, this technological artifact is known to have no predecessor or successor, making it the most complex technology until the 18th century. Despite its magnificence, there is still no answer what it was actually for.
9. Dendera Light Is Speculated To Be An Electric Lamp
The Dendera light is an artifact comprised of three stone reliefs and was discovered in the Hathor Temple located in Egypt. The images on the stone were interpreted by Egyptologists who claim this artifact represented aspects of Egyptian mythology, i.e. lotus flowers spawning a snake. The controversial part of the artifact arose when some interpreted as electric lamps based on modern devices. What’s more, some engineers have already constructed a working model based on the artifact.
10. Baghdad Battery Was Tested By Mythbusters
The Baghdad Battery is an artifact that may have been galvanic cells and was discovered near Baghdad in 1936. The artifact grabbed the attention of the public eye in 1938 when Wilhelm König, the German director of the National Museum of Iraq, wrote an article about the artifact claiming it was designed to act as a battery. It consists of 130mm tall terracotta jars containing a copper cylinder, which houses an iron rod. On Mythbusters’ 29th episode, this artifact was put to the test. They wanted to test its potential to act as a battery, so lemon juice was chosen as the electrolyte. When they were linked in series, the batteries produced 4 volts. Yet, the question remains what it was for.
11. Skystone Is An Artifical Rock
“Skystone” or “Stone of Heaven” is an odd type of blue stone and was discovered during archeological excavations in Sierra Leone, West Africa. Angelo Pitoni, the archeologist who found the stone, was puzzled by its appearance, so he sent it to be investigated by laboratories of the University of Geneva, the University of Tokyo etc. The results were the same. The stone did not exist in nature and was not even similar to any type of rock. It is composed of 77% oxygen, along with traces of silicon, sodium, calcium and carbon. Also, its blue color indicates it was artificially colored. Another mystery related to the Skystone is that the stone was found in soil layers dating to at least 12000 BC.