2. Tecaxic Calixtlahuaca Head Is Believed To Be Of Roman Origin
This Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head is an object made of terracotta and probably part of a larger figurine. It was discovered among grave goods dating to the pre-Columbian time in 1933 in the Toluca Valley, 65 kilometers west of Mexico City. Scientists believe it is of Roman origin due to non-American facial features.
The head is thought to be evidence of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. According to a study conducted by G.A. Wagner and P. Schaaf and in Heidelberg, Germany, the head is confirmed to be a pre-colonial artifact dating back to the period between the 9th century BC and the 13th century AD. Yet another study conducted at the German Institute of Archaeology in Rome, Italy declares that the artifact really dates back to the 2nd century AD and is of Roman origin based on the beard and the hairstyle.